1976 Breifne article by Rev. Gerard Alwill on the 1841 Killeshandra census

Thanks to Brendan Scott, editor Breifne Journal, and Rev. Gerard Alwill for allowing us to reproduce this detailed study and analysis which throws great light on the contents of the 1841 census records.


The 1841 Census  was  held on  the night of 6 June  of that year. Return sheets were to be filled in that night by the  head of  each household. This  study  of the  parish of  Killeshandra was  based  on micro-film copies of the  return sheets. Most  of the return sheets have been preserved  in  good condition.  From these it is possible to construct  an accurate account of social conditions in the parish during the years before the famine. In general  we have  very  little information on social conditions in Co. Cavan for these pre-famine years. I hope that this study will make  some  small contribution in that regard.

Return  sheets were distributed to the head of every household  by the local constabulary. Each return sheet had   printed on it  a short  explanation of  the census  and  a short list of instructions for filling in the various tables. The  explanation declared that the purpose of the return  was to ‘ascertain in the least intrusive manner  the  information   required by  the  Act entitled “An Act for taking account of the population of Ireland.” It also made it clear that a penalty of £10 was imposed  on  any person ‘for  making a false answer, or refusing or neglecting to make  answers  to questions contained in this return.’

The return contained three tables. The first table  dealt with  persons of  the family, and all other  persons  (servants, visitors) who slept in  the house  on the night of 6  June.  The explanation defines a family as ‘either one person living on his or  her own means of support, or several persons united  under one  head and having  a  common means  of support.’ Where  there were several families living in the one house a return sheet was given to each. This first table tried to establish the name, age and  sex of every person in the household and his or her relation- ship  to the head of  the  household. Each person  had  to state whether  or not he/she  was   married and, if married, they  had to state when  they were married.   The table also tried to ascertain the occupation of each person as well as the level of education  he/she had attained. This latter aspect  was based on  the very fundamental facts of whether one  could read  and write, read  only or not read  at all. Finally each person was expected to declare  his native  county  if he/She was  born outside  Co. Cavan. This  return not only tells us the number of  people in a household,  but gives valuable  information  on the age  of marriage, the   number of children in  a family, the occupations of the people  themselves and  the level of their education.

Table II deals with those  members of the family who   were absent from home  on the night of 6 June. It provides valuable information  about  those people who have  emigrated  such as their  occupations and their destinations. The third table deals with   members  of the household   who have  died since 6  June 1831.   The  name,  age, sex, occupation and,   most important, cause of death of each person had  to be stated. The explanation declares that this table was made  necessary by ‘the absence of a General  Registry of Deaths in  Ireland and consequently  a defect in  information for  various objects useful  to the community.’  This table with its emphasis on the  cause of death is another invaluable  source of information for  those wishing to understand  pre-famine social conditions.

Unfortunately,  it was  only  when I had  almost  completed this survey of the  census  that I realized that the micro-film copies of the return had one serious omission. It seems that the census consisted  also of a second form,  ‘Form B’   which  may have  been filled in by the enumerator. It contained very valuable  information on  houses and buildings, the size of houses, the number  of  rooms, etc. This would have  been  very helpful when  studying the  returns for Killeshandra town   where large numbers  of families were sharing houses.

As I  said above, most of the return sheets are in excellent condition. However, some  of them were in poor condition and were  difficult, if not impossible, to read. This means that the accuracy of this survey is not as good as one would like. Furthermore,  many of  my figures are in sharp conflict with the officially published figures.  During  my   study I noticed  a  number  of errors made  by the    enumerators and I  tried to correct these where possible.


When one speaks of the parish of Killeshandra  in the context of this census, it is the civil parish that he is speaking of. It is quite a large parish situated in central Cavan,  covering an area of 22,241 acres(1). There are 98 townlands in the parish(2). The census  return sheets  carry reports for only 97 townlands but this is due to the fact that Tycosker and Tycosker Glebe are counted as one townland. There are two towns in the parish, Arva and Kilieshandra. Killeshandra is in the north  of  the parish, in the townland of Portaliffe. However, there are  separate return sheets for  the town  and for Portaliffe townland. The report for the  town includes Main St., Castle St., Church St. and Yewer Lane (modern Railway Road). The town covers an area of 48 acres. Arva is situated in the west of the parish. It covers an area of 25 acres in the townlands of Drumalt and Drumnawall. The larger  part of the town, Main St., Pound St., and  New St., is included in the report from Drumalt. The Green and  Broad  Road are included  in  Drumnawall.  Because  of this, whenever  I speak  of Arva  during  the course of this report, I am referring to both Drumalt and Drumnawall. Unlike Killeshandra there is  no separate report for Arva  town itself. Even the  enumerator  had difficulties in this regard. He had returned two separate returns for Drumalt, one for the town itself, and another for four  houses which he did not consider as part of the  town. There is  a special Query Form in which  he is asked to  explain why he had  done this, but his reply is illegible.

Throughout  the survey whenever  I speak of  ‘rural’ areas I am referring to the country areas as opposed to the two towns. Strictly speaking the two towns  are merely rural villages.


The official figure for the population of the parish is 12,552but  my final figure was 12,539. The difference results  from a number of errors made  by the  enumerators. The  most serious of these errors appeared in the return for the townland of Drumshinny  where a family of seven, reported to be absent, is included in  the final count  for the townland.  Another common    error occurred  when   the name   of a dead   person  was included in Table I, and  in turn was   included by  the enumerator  in his count in spite of the fact that the word ‘dead’ or ‘deceased’ was very often filled in for  that person’s occupation. The  official figures  tell us that there were 6,261 males and 6,291  females in the parish(3).

As one would expect, there  was a  very high proportion of young  people in the parish. About  50%  (6,282) of the population were below  the age of 20 years. Indeed, in the townland of Drumshinny   68%  of the population were under  20, (49 persons out  of a total of 72). Another 5.9% (741) of the population of the  parish were  60 years  or older(4). Among  the older  people were Phil Baxter.  a tailor from  Corr   who was 95,  and Milly Sheridan from Corradownan who  was  98. Sidney  Wilson  of Tycosker had  reached the  grand age of  104 when he died.  It is clear from these figures that  a large proportion of the population fitted into that category which today  we  call ‘dependent’. They had to be supported by  43% of the population  (those aged from 20 to 59)  and so  they would have  been  very vulnerable to the hardships caused  by the famine.

However,  it must be remembered  that  the accuracy of some of the ages given  on the  return forms is open to question. In his survey of the 1821 Census of Carrigallen Parish, the present bishop  of Kilmore, Dr Francis J. McKiernan,   noted that ‘there are suspiciously many who  are an even sixty.”(5) I found the same tendency  in  Killeshandra Parish.  Many  of  the older  people seemed to opt for a round figure, especially 60.

As I mentioned above, the micro-film copy of the census did not include any copies of Form B, the form dealing with housing. It merely contained a short    summary chart for each  townland in which the   number of inhabited houses  and buildings in the townland was stated(6) My figures  on housing  then are based on these  summary  charts.  They  are  in sharp  conflict with the official figures. The official report puts the number of inhabited houses in the  parish at 2,149 while  my count gives  a total of only 2,019.   Another 63 houses   were  termed uninhabited  and there were  another 5 buildings. However, both the official figures and  my figures are in total agreement on one important statistic —there  was a total of 2,279 families living in the parish. If we accept the official figure it means  that  120 families  (5.7%) were sharing  the  same house with one or  more families. If one accepts my  figures this number  soars to a total of 260, that is 11.4%  of all families. In Killeshandra   town there   were 231 families, but from the return sheets I counted only 191 inhabited houses. Therefore about 40 families had to share houses (17.3%). Compare  this  with 3.8% for Co.   Cavan (1,628 families shared house’s) and   with the  national figure of 9.7%.   However  we should  not  forget that in  many  cases where families  shared houses, one or   more of the families may have consisted of only one person. For   example, in house no. 128 in the town. of Killeshandra  we   find four  families, but three of these ‘families’ consist of only one person each. On  the other hand the average number   of  people living in  a house was   6.21. The national average is 6.15 and   in Co. Cavan the average  is 5.93 persons living in a house(7).

Another  area  of interest is the age  of marriage. In the rural areas of  the parish the average age  of marriage for the male  was 26.9  years and 23 years for the female(8). This reflects the general  tendency of husbands  being older than their wives. However,  in   some cases the wives were  very young. I noted a few cases where girls married  at the age of 12, and some males married  at the age of 16. In  the towns the  tendency seems to have been to marry  at a slightly  younger age. The average age of  marriage for men  in Killeshandra  was 26 and 25.1 in Arva. Women, too, married younger, at 23 years of age in both towns. In  the rural areas the average  number of children per  family was 3.9 and only  3.2 in Killeshandra town(9).


An analysis  of the family names  in the parish shows that the most common     names  were Reilly, Brady, Smith, Sheridan, Masterson,  and Johnston.  In  general, these names  are to  be found in most of  the townlands without a  marked concentration in any. Reilly (incl. O’Reilly, Reilly, Rially, Riley) is the most common  name,    numbering  138 families. The heaviest concentrations of the name are in Drumalt  (14), Killeshandra town (10), Behy,  Corradownan   and   Derrynacross (6 each). Brady  is the next  most   common name,  with 66 families.  Again there is no distinct concentration of the name in any (particular townland, but it is most  numerous in Farrangarve (7)  and  Drumgoon (5). Smith is the third  most common   name, numbering  44 families, six of which are resident in the town of Killeshandra. There are 41 families  of Sheridan and 36 of Masterson. There  are  heavy concentrations of Masterson  in Bruse   (9) and Castlepoles (7). There are 34 Johnston families, with heaviest concentrations in Cornafean  and   Drumcrow South.  Other prominent family  names include Donohoe   [incl. Donoghoe] (29), Armstrong (24), Elliott (24), Scott  (23), and  McCormick (20).

There are a few names that are  very prominent in one particular townland, but are hardly  represented elsewhere  in the parish. For example, there  are 7 Bleakley families in Portlongfield, 5 Story families  in Ardra,  and 4  Kilkenny families in Coronae Glebe.

Because there is no  statement  on the  return sheets concerning religion, there is no scientific means of ascertaining the distribution of the religious groupings throughout  the parish. However,  a casual glance  over the family names  in the parish shows  that both Catholic   and Protestants are to be found  in most  townlands,  but there are  very   heavy concentrations of Protestants  in  Ardra,  Brankhill,  Corhanagh,  Corlisprattan, Corran, Dernaweel,  Derreskit,  Drumkeerin Bog,   Drumkilroosk, Drumlarney,  Mullaghboy  and Tycusker. A  summary of the  names and numbers  of families in each    townland can  be found  in Appendix I.


A  total of 7,109 people are listed as having  same kind of occupation,  representing  56.7%  of the total population.  The remaining  5,430 people consists of beggars and those  who have no  occupation  what-so-ever. Children attending school are included among the 7,109  people with occupations. However, seven individual occupations  dominate, together forming 89% of all occupations.

LABOURER: forms  the largest group,  numbering a total of 1;547  (12.3% of the population). There is no concrete  account of what kind  of work a labourer had to do but there is no doubt that It was closely related to farmwork. Most of  those who are termed ‘labourer’ are either sons of farmers or helpers on the farm.  These  labourers were  paid    between 9 pence   and one shilling per week.

SPINNING:   is the principal occupation of the  women of the parish. The  number  of spinners is 958, representing 7.6% of the population. It is the  occupation of  many of the  wives of the heads  of households, and of many of the daughters  who are not attending  school. However, while many  of the   daughters were termed as spinsters  I wonder  in what  sense the word spinster is used. Was it used to indicate that a girl was not yet married? There  are very few  references  as to what fabric was actually spun.

FARMER:    is the next largest group, numbering  867,  (6.9% of the population). This seems  a fairly small figure considering that in Lavey in 1821 there were 625 farmers out of a population of  4,488 (14%). This small figure can be explained by the size of  farms which were,   on average, larger than those in Lavey. There  is only one farmer  given in the returns for Killeshandra town,  and only five for Arva.

SERVANTS:    About 680 people are termed  as servants. Many   of these are teenage boys  and girls who reside with, but are not  members of, the  household in  which they work. Again, there  is no indication as to what kind of work the servant had to do. They were   probably hired for general   farm  work on a seasonal basis.

HOUSE-KEEPER:       Apart  from spinning this is  the only other  major occupation for  the women. Surprisingly, there are only  462  (3.6% of  the population)  women  termed as house- keepers, and  some of these  are servant girls.

WEAVER:     238  men are weavers  (1.9%) but again we have no indication as to  what fabric was actually  woven. There are some  references to both flax and wool, but not enough to build up  even a general  picture of the weaving industry in the area.  However this figure  of 1.9% is higher than the Co. Cavan average of  only  0.3% of the population who are weavers.

AT SCHOOL:     In fact this was the second largest grouping, numbering  1,542  (12.3%).   More details can  be  found in  the section dealing with education.

About  850 people were  involved  in  other skills and professions, representing 6.7%  of the population.  This includes a small group of 53  who referred to themselves as beggars, tinkers or mendicants.   About half  of that 850 reside in the towns  of Arva  and Killeshandra. The  largest individual group  among these skilled and professional people were dressmakers,  numbering  81. There were 69 shoemakers, 54 tailors, 43 carpenters, 31 teachers  and 27 blacksmiths. A  brief glance at Table A  shows that Killeshandra Parish  had   more skilled people per 1,000 of the population than the rest of Co. Cavan. This may result  from the  fact that there are two towns in the parish.


Table A

The  remaining 626 of this  group cover  a  wide variety of occupations  including stone-masons,  gardeners, builders, cartwrights,  wheelwrights,   hatmakers,   bonnetmakers,   butchers, thatchers, coopers, carmen,  publicans, innkeepers,  shopkeepers and  dealers of all kinds.

CONSTABULARY: There is  a total of 14 constables resident in the parish. I had no means of discovering where  exactly in the  parish they resided since there  was  a separate  return sheet for the constabulary. However Sub-inspector  Samuel  Keek (Roscommon), William Nicholson  (Sligo) and  William  Cranston (Fermanagh)  lived in Arva. The  Head-Constable was  John Dogherty  and he lived in Killeshandra as did sub-inspector James Bailey (Queen’s County).  The remaining  constables were  Archibald McElheran (32) from  Antrim;  William  Smith  (26)  from Roscommon; Michael Gilsenan from  Dublin;  David  Kyle  (23) from Tyrone; John Lighton  (24) from   Antrim; Roger Berrane (25) from Ballinasloe; William McClean (27)  from Fermanagh; Thomas Neile (20) from  Cavan  and  James  Wallace  (23)  from Donegal.   The constabulary, of course, were responsible for the distribution and collection of the census report forms.

CLERGY:   The  number   of  clergy in the parish is 9,  and another two call  themselves scripture readers. They are  Edward Doonan  (Drumkilroosk)  and Johy Whyte from  Tyrone who was residing with the Morton family in Corran. Of the 7 ministers I was able to establish definitely the denominations of 4 of them.   They are Rev.  John  Carmichael  (Drumkilroosk)  and William Sweeny   (Killeshandra town)  who were  Presbyterian ministers. Rev. John Foster (Killeshandra Town) was a Wesleyan minister and Rev. John Taylor (Tycosker) was a minister of the Established Church. It is highly probable that Rev. J. C. Martin (Killeshandra Town)   was also a minister of the Established Church, but I could not discover any indications for Rev. James Rodney  (Killeshandra Town)   and Rev. Dawson  Massy (Corraneary). There were two Catholic priests in the parish. Fr Thomas Reilly (63) was living  in Drumroosk.  The curate   was Rev. Thomas  McCann who was living with  Patrick  McCabe  in Coragh  Glebe.

There  are a few interesting items worthy of mention here. A 30 year  old man, Thomas Reilly from Drumshinny, is entered as being absent from home  and as being at College in Carlow. This may possibly be the seminary. Another man, Peter Whelan from Kileshandra is reported  to be at school in Cavan. This may possibly be St. Augustine’s.  Then, there is a girl, Anne Boyd,  daughter of Dr. Boyd, Arva, who  is reported to be in a ‘seminary’ in Fermanagh.

DOCTORS AND  SURGEONS:  There are 10 doctors resident in the parish, 6 in Killeshandra, and 3 in Arva. In Killeshandra we have Patrick Donoghoe  and J. A. Finlay who refer to them- selves as doctors. The other 4 are surgeons. They are Randal Kenny  and his  assistant Philip Fitzsimons, John Sheridan and Michael Donoghue.  In Arva  we have  T. Boyd, J. O’Reilly and Dr  Wiley, who comes from Monaghan. John Fitzpatrick, describing himself as a surgeon, lives in Killytowney.  The ratio of doctors and surgeons to the population in the parish is much the same as the ratio for the whole county (0.7 per 1,000 people). Six nurses were resident in the parish, two in Gorteen, two in Ardra, one in Killeshandra town and one in Aughnacur.

Among the  death  reports for Killeshandra town I  came across the name of James  Berry, a doctor, who died at the age of 34 from ‘fever’. I also discovered that a 64 year old clergyman, Rev.  Bernard  Magauran had died  from  Perlattie or Perlattic.


The census was the most  elementary means  of exploring this subject. It simply asks people to state whether they can (a) read and write (b) read only or (c) cannot read or write. Judging by some  of the handwriting and spelling  on some of the return sheets it seems that of those people who declared  that they could read and  write some  may not  in fact have been able to write much more than their own names. For example one  person entered that he could `reid and rite.’ Table B shows:

Table B

the results for the  whole parish. About 49% of its population cannot read  or write—in  other words, they are totally illiterate. However,  these figures are based on the total population, which includes children   who are too young  to read or write. If one excludes the children up to 5 years of age (about 1,500) then the ratio of illiterate people to the total population who should be able to read at least rises to 56%.  The national percentage of illiterate people is 52%.

In the occupations section we noted that 1,542 children were reported to  be attending’ school,  representing  12.2%  of the population.  In some  cases the name   of the  school teacher is given. There is a total of 31 teachers in the parish(10). There is no  means of knowing  how  many  of these were running official schools  or how many   were running  ‘pay-schools.’ As would be expected, Killeshandra  town  has the largest concentration with 6 teachers, and Arva has 3. There are  also 3 teachers in Drumcrow South.  In Drumgoa  a teacher by the name of Peter Nesdale is reported to be a lodger with the Dogan family. However,  the following entry was  made  for  house no. 5 in  the reports for Lahard:  ‘No person  slept in this house on  the above night, it being a  school house.  Without nightly  occupants there is  an attendance  of about 28 scholars, 18 males and 10 females.  The teacher  is Peter Nesdale.’ With this  exception  there are  no references  to any other schoolhouses  in the parish, so I could not ascertain how  many there were.

In the whole parish  there were 6,282 people who  were  19 years of age or younger, and of these  1,542 were in school, representing 24.5%.   However in the town of Arva and Killeshandra this proportion  rises  to 32.6%.   Killeshandra  town has  the highest proportion of teenagers at school with  36.5%. Arva has 27.8%.  The rural areas of the parish are much  lower, at 23.2%. Table C  should make these figures a little clearer. The difference between  the rural  and  town areas   may rest on the fact that youngsters  in rural areas had to work on  farms, many of  them being labourers and  servants.

RURAL AREAS5,3951,25223.2%
Table C

Cloggy, with a rather small population of 56 had  the highest ratio  of  literate(11) people, 82%. On the other hand Derrindrehid,  with a population of 103, had the highest percentage  of people who  could neither read  nor write, 71%.  In this regard the two  towns show no significant difference from the rest of the parish. The ratio of illiterate people in Arva is 48%,  and  40% in  Killeshandra.


As I  mentioned in the introduction, Table II on the census return sheets dealt with those who  were absent on the night of 6 June.  It would  be  very difficult to attempt to build any detailed picture of migration within Ireland from this information. The data given do not make it clear whether those who are absent, in fact, settled elsewhere in Ireland  or are  away from home on a temporary basis.

However,  from Table I, we discover that a  high proportion of residents in the parish are not natives of Co. Cavan. This is not too surprising when we consider  that  the parish borders both counties Leitrim and Longford. A  total of 775 claimed that they were born outside  of Co. Cavan.  About 35%  of this group were  born in Leitrim and 14.5%  were born in Longford. Another 11%    came from  Fermanagh.  About 29 people were born  in Great Britain, 19 in England   and 10 in Scotland. One   of the more  unusual cases I came across was in the townland  of Dunaweal. House no. 21 was  inhabited  by a Miss Anne Godley  from Dublin  and her two  nieces.  She had a  visitor staying in the house whose   name was    Madelin   Raymond. Madelin  was  from Switzerland. In general then, about   6% of the parish were not natives of Co. Cavan. In Co. Cavan as a whole only 2.8%  of the population were not  natives of the county. The two towns, Arva and Killeshandra had a  higher proportion of non-Cavan  people. About 10.5%  of the population of Arva  and 13% of the  population of Killeshandra were not born in Co. Cavan.

From  Table II we   discover that  about 1,229 people  were reported to be absent from  home. This figure consists of about 635 males  and 583 females   (The sex of one person could  not be  determined). About  49% of those who were  absent  were stated to  be elsewhere in  Co. Cavan.  Another 6% were  in Leitrim and Longford. Of those  who had  gone  abroad 18   had gone to Scotland, 41 to England, but the largest group had gone to America, numbering a total of 306 (24% of those  who  were absent). In relation to Co. Cavan in general the rate of emigration to Great Britain and America is much lower(12).  There  are a few unusual  and interesting entries. William  Gunn from  Dunaweal  was reported to be in China; Thomas Lovett, a sailor from Kiltrasna, was reported to be  in Malta; William  McLean   from Shancor  was  reported to be “on  sea”; and George Ellis   from Rockfield was reported to be in “Van Dimon’s Land.’ The report sheet also inquired into the occupations of the people who were absent. The accuracy of  the replies to this inquiry is  marred by the fact that no distinction was made between the person’s occupation before  he or she went  away and  his/her  present occupation.  However, of   those who  were  absent, 31% were termed as servants, 17% as labourers,  15%  as having no occupation and  4% were  stated to be  unknown. About  24%  could be said to have  had some skill or profession(13).  About 3%  had joined the constabulary and another  2%  had joined  the  army. Most of these army  men were based in India and the East Indies. Among  the  more interesting cases were Rolbert Hewitt (Castlepoles) who  was  a  preacher in  Co. Clare, Henry Fitzpatrick (Killeshandra) and William Young  Gartinardress who were attorneys in Dublin, and William  Richardson,  aged 40,  from Lackan who  was in college in New York.


In the  ten years  from 6 June, 1831 until 6 June, 1841  a total of 1,530, 795 males and 735 females, are reported to  have died. This seems to be very similar to the death rate for  the whole of Co. Cavan(14). The  average age at  death was 28.9  years for the parish as a whole. However in Killeshandra   town it was much lower at 24 years. This would seem to indicate that social conditions and standards of hygiene in  the town   were   much worse than in the rural areas. As one   would expect a  large proportion  of those  who died   were very young children.   The infant mortality rate was quite high. About 37% of those who died, were aged from 0 to 5 years. Table D shows the relationship

Table D

between  sex  and age among  those  who died. One point worth noting is, that taken in proportion, the number of women who live longer than 60 years Is less than the number of men. Normally  women have a higher life expectancy. These figures seem to  indicate that the women of Killeshandra parish lived in conditions of hardship and difficulty.

The  Census return sheet also inquired into the causes of death. However, it is not possible to build up a scientific picture of the situation since ‘popular medicine was very unscientific. Medical knowledge was  bound to be  very primitive among the people. It is ‘doubtful if they really knew what caused death in many instances. Again the situation is confused by the number of local folk names by which  any one disease or illness could be  called. ‘Decline’ and ‘decay’, for example, were two common names for  consumption.

Consumption  was by far the most  common killer, accounting for 484 deaths (31.6%). In Co. Cavan as a whole consumption was accountable for only 11% of the deaths. Among  the contageous or epidemic diseases fever accounted for 7% of deaths (108), smallpox for 5.2%   (81), measles for 4.8% and hooping-cough for 3.2%. Table E shows  how these figures

Table E

compare with the rest of Co,. Cavan. It would seem to suggest that epidemic diseases were a  little less rampant in Killeshandra parish. Measles and hives were  among  the biggest killers of young children(15). About 22 people died as a result of different kinds of accidents such as drowning, scalding and being hit by a cow or kicked by a horse. There were two cases of  murder(16). One was a Mrs. Cumisky, a  53 year old widow from Behy and the other was 60 year old William Scott in Corlisprattan.

A fuller list of diseases and sicknesses is given in Appendix VI.


That concludes my survey of Killeshandra parish in June 1841. I regret that I did not have enough time to do a more scientific analysis of the returns but perhaps I have laid  the foundation stone on which somebody else may  be able to build.


1. A full list of the townlands is given in Appendix I.

2. A map  is given in Appendix VII.

3. I could not  make a complete count for the sexes because the reports for about 151 people were illegible.

4. I  was unable to determine the ages of about 120 people.

5. Breifne, 1962, Vol. 2, no. 5, p. 122.

6.  See Appendix IV.

7. Figures for Co. Cavan and Ireland are from official sources.

8. This is based on all  marriages since 1800 for about 1/3 of the population.

9. This figure too is based on all marriages since 1800, even those without children, and of course takes account of all absent or dead children.

10. A full list of teachers is given in Appendix V.

11. “literate” is taken to mean those who can both read and write and those who can only read.

12. 77,426 left Co. Cavan for Great Britain and America.

13. This covers a very wide spectrum of occupations such as shoe makers, tailors, bakers, shopboys, hatters, weavers, spinners, carpenters, land surveyors and clerks.

14. I  was unable to determine the death rate by standard means since I  had not  enough information. This would involve calculating the average population for the ten year period. However, I simply calculated the ratio of deaths to the population in 1841 which worked out at 122 deaths per 1,000 for Killeshandra and 124 deaths per 1,000 for Co. Cavan.

15. Many  very young children were reported as  dying from  a “Visitation of God” or from “Evil”.

16. I am not fully sure of one of these cases, that of Mrs. Cumisky. The handwriting on the form was difficult to read but it seemed to give murder as the cause of death.



The spelling of the Return Form is retained. Doubtful readings and variant spellings are indicated in square brackets. The  figure in the curved brackets gives the number of families of a particular name in the townland;  where no figure is given only  one family of the name is returned.

Aghaknock         23  (Numbers of  Inhabited Houses) 135  (Total Population)

Doyle (3); Armstrong  (2); Clandinen (2); Gibney (2); Moore (2); Conaghity; Coyle; Doonan; Finigan; Galligan;  Henderson; McKeirnan; McCormick; Reilly; Sheridan; Tilson; Weer.

Aghardern [Aghavadrin]         18    94 

Reilly (3); Cassidy;  Conoley;  Curran; Farnin;  Govern;  Hamilton;  Harity[?]; Haughton; Leach;    Lilly;   Maxwell;  Morton;   Parker;    Roseman;   Tullay; Henderson.

Aughnacur         13    89 

Reilly   (2);    Campbell;    Connelly; Crawford; Ellis; Hill; Latimer; Maguire; McDonald; Noble;  Scott; Smith.

Aughullaghy        5    19 

Brady (2);   McConel; McKenna; Prior.

Ardarragh          6    42 

Flagherty (2); Brady; Donoghoe; Gillis; Mullen.

Ardra             18   112 

Story (5);  Macue   (3); Clinging  (2); Davis (2); Currian[?]; Gibson; Leghorn; Maglue;  Reynolds;   Thompson;   Woods.

Bawn              15    71 

Caffary   (2);   Campbell; Connelly; Dunken;  Erwin;  Gihnay; Green; Johnson; Maguhay; McCaden;    McGovern; McGrath; Murfay;  Rially.

Behy              26   149 

Reilly (6);   Kelaher (3);  Kane   (2); Lang (2);  O’Neill (2); Brady;  Caffry; Camp; Conlin; Conway;  Coyle;  Cumisky; Degnan;   Foster;    Jackson;    Smyth; Sorahan; Victory.

Bohora            12    66 

Biggar (3); Arkinson; Dougherty; Flood; Kincade; McConnell;   McManus;  Murray; Sheridan; Wiere.

Brankhill        33   189 

Black   (4); Elliott   (3);  Taylor   (3); Forster   (2); Irwin   (2);  Lattimer (2); Armstrong;     Bell;   Bennet;    Blakely; Bruce;    Clingen;    Fyfe;    Heavens[?]; Morrison;   Robinson;  Thompson;     Todd; Wilson.

Bruse             [?]   259 

Masterson   (9; McManus  (4);  Reilly (4); Coyle   (3);  Morris   (3);  Leddie   (2); McClean    (2); Sheridan (2); Smyth   (2); Strong  (2);  Carte;   Cassidy;  Childers; Clinton;    Duignan;   Geharty;   Higgins; Kane;   Martin;   McGaughran;    McGovern; McLaughlin;  IVIkKeinian;  Skinner.

Cappagh           15    97 

Maloy  (2); McClenon   (2);  Sullevan (2); Bradley;   Dugan;  Fagon;  Forster; Huitt; Kelley[?];  Magurity;  Martin; Murfay.

Castlepoles       37   206 

Masterson   (7);  Hewitt (6); Rielly  (4); Lang    (3);   Brady   (2);  Elliott  (2); Arington;   Camp;  Carthright;   Connelly; Donohoe;     Frinagh[?];     Frimmel[?]; Gaffeney;   Johnston;   Kenney;     Moore; Rorke;  Ward.

Clodrum            9    59 

Blair (2);  Crawford;  McBrine;    McCabe; McGrath;    Rodgers;  Shenan; Wallace.

Cloggy             9    56 

Brady;    Cahill;   Johnston;    McGauran; Mullen;     Reilly;   Sheridan;     Smith; Taris[?].

Cloncose          11    59 

McCormick    (3);  Coyle (2);   Armstrong; Brady;  Keogan;  Masterson;  Reilly.

Condry          8    55 

Finlay     (2); Allen;   Brady;    Currin; Devine;     Elliott;    Fair;     Jackson; Nethercole; O’Niall;   Robinson.

Coragh Glebe           22   141 

Donahoe    (3); Carbon  (2); Gormly   (2); McCabe  (2);  Burke;  Dannon;  Goodfellow; Harrison;    Hewitt;    King;     Kiernan; Leahey;   Masterson;  McGrath;   Mulligan; Quinn;  Rielly; Tully; Weare.

Corhanagh         43    262 

Montgomery    (5); Akins  (4);   Anderson  (4); Wilson  (4);  McManus  (3); Hamilton  (2);  Rini&   (2); Arnold;  Beck;  Blair; Crosson;    Donohoe;  Himans[7];   Irwin; MeNully;   Medly; Monaghan;   Moony; Morris; Mulvey;    Noble; Scott; Tierney; White;  Woods.

Corlis             2    11  

Mc  Givney  (2).

Corlisprattan  [Corlisbrattan]           38    223 

Weir    (4);  Brown   (3);  Morrow   (3); Johnston   (2); Magee (2);  Morrison (2); Naylor  (2);  Williams    (2);  Anderson; Carothers;   Cowan;    iCrumby;   Doonan; Forel;  Flack; Forster;  Lang;  Laurence; Moore;  Mulreigny;  Rogers; Rowe;  Scott; Shannon;   Shearin[7]; Zelis[7].

Cornafean         16    90  

Johnston  (5); Donahoe    (2);   McKeiman (2); Devine;  Galligan;  Keirnan;  Kelly; Kenny;  MeGaghran;   Murray.

Corr              41    207 

Donaho  (4);     Wrin (4);  Leddy    (3); Irwin   (3);  Callery  (2);  Kelly   (2); Morris  (2); Reilly  (2); Baxter;  Brady; Corbin;    Egleston;  Farrell;  Farrelly; Fee;    Ferguson;  Gahagan;   Goodfellow; Magoveran; Magloo;  Masterson; McCahill;  McCann; McKernan; McManus; Moore;  Hartness    [Harkness?].

Corradarren       38    201 

McCormick    (4); Courtney (2); Reilly (2); Anderson;     Blair;     Booth;    Boyle; Cartwright; Corbel; Coyle;    Cunningham; Currin; D’Arcy; English; Garvey; Gibson; Gilhooly;  Gould; Green;  Heaney; Henderson; Heslin;  Mahon; Malone; Mayberry; McCubbin; Plant; Pogue; Prior;  Reynolds;  Scotch;  Wilson.

Corradownan       25    145 

Reilly  (6);  Sheridan (4);  Primly  (4); Kemp    (3); Hart (2); Caffry;  Corcoran; Follis;    Gilhooly;   Huges; Jordon; Kiernan.

Corran            42    234 

Murdy   (4);  Doland  (3);  Morton   (3); Doonan  (2);  Elliott (2);  Plunket  (2); Sheridan  (2); Stewart (2);  Woods (2);Armstrong; Calders; Cleary; Gundy[?]; Hare; Harper; Harvey; Henderson; Johnston;   Lee;   Lester[?]  Linster[?]; Mandy[?];   Martin;  McBride;    McManus; McGloghlin;   Mulligan;  Mulvaney; Noble; Story;   Widows.

Coronary    [Corraneary]       23    160 

Burns    (3);  Hill   (2);    Marron (2); Mulligan    (2);     Armstrong;   Dunlop; Green;   Johnston;  Kelaher;   Mackinson; Mahon;     Manning;  Massy;    Masterson; Morton;  Parker;  Reilly; Shaw; Sullivan.

Coronae Glebe      56    304 

Cox  (5);  Kilkenny   (4);   Haulton  (3) Reilly   (3); Clerkin (2);   Crosson  (2) Currin   (2); Delimor (2); Drum  (2) Farley (2); Griffith (2);  Leddy  (2) Maclean (2);   Sheridan  (2); Boylan; Brady;   Brannon; Caffrey; Campbell; Colders; Degnan;  Donohoe; Dunery; Flemming; Garvey;  Hindry;   Jackson; Keith; Magaughran; Mailor[?]; McKiernan; McManus; Moore;   Murdy; Prior; Shenon;   Soroghan.

Creenagh Glebe       28    168 

Fitzpatrick (3); Reilly  (3); Vinton (3); Coyle  (2); Curry  (2);  Bennett;  Brady; Cassidy; Clifforty;    Farrelly;  Foster; Lee;   McConnell;   McDonnell; 1VIcGrial; McGuire;    Murphy;      Rork;    Rowley; Sheridan;  Wilson.

Dernaweel         38    183 

Johnston (3); Scott  (3);  Armstrong (2); Bennett   (2);    Fee (2);    Foster (2); Hass   (2); Irwin  (2);  Kemaghan    (2); Story  (2);   Burrows;   Carney;   Creed; Drum;    Dunlop;  Elliot; Ellis;  Grogan; Kiernan; Legingston;  Malchet[?]; Masterson; Plunket;  Smyth;  Tibbs; Troy;  Wood

Derreskit         22    122 

Ennis    (4); Boyd   (3);    Rainney (3); Bennett  (2); Bothwell;   Bourke; Elliot; Farry;  Hopkins;  Kernon; Mullin;  Pogue; Rially; Rodgers;   Wilson

Derrindrehid      15    103 

Dolan  (2);   Drum   (2);    Kenaddy (2); Sheridan      (2);   Bannon;      Corray; Donaghoe;      Fitzpatrick;    Keirnan; Mavatee[?]; Plunket; Sweeney.

Derry              8    46 

Mulloy  (3);   Masterson (2);   Barton; Bruise; Gallagher.

Derrygid           1     2 


Derrylane         11    64 

Brady;  Campbell;  Chadwick,  Crawford; Davis; Donaldson; Forsyth; Gray; Irwin; McKernan;  Richardson.

Derrynacross      29   125 

Reilly  (6); Brady   (2);  Clarke  (2); Gafney  (2); McClean  (2); Smyth   (2); Brown;  Connelly; Cox; Devine; Donevan; Doyle;  Holoughan;  Kiernan;   Linnand; Love;   Maguire;    MeCawl;    McMahon; Prior; Waters.

Drumalt     [including the  village of Arva]     106   626 

Reilly (11); Armstrong (3);  Moore (3); Sheridan (3); O’Reilly (3);  Brady (2); Cox (2);   Cranston   (2); Elliott (2); Fury    (2); O’Brien  (2); Smith   (2); Woods   (2); Atkins[?]; Baxter; Bigger; Blakely; Blasset; Boyd; Boyle; Brennan; Cannon;   Coldwell;   Corr;    Cortney; Costello; Crawford; Cunningham;  Davis; Degnan;   Develin;   Donohoe;     Dunn; Ferguson; Finlay; Fitzpatrick; Flanagan; Flynn;  Fyfe; Garvey; Goldrick; Gormley; Graham; Hannon;  Hare;  Heany;  Hyland; Irvine; Keegan;  Keek;  Kerwin;  Ladon; Lang;   Law; Leavy;  Leddy;   Ledswith; Kemp;   Malcomson;  Maginnes;  Maguire; Maloy;  Martin;  Masterson;   McAvinea; McCabe;     McDermott;       McDonald; McKnight;       McNally;       McNulty; McPartlan; Morton; Morrison;  Mooney; Murphy; Nicholson; Penlelton;  Pinkman; Prior; Quinn;  Robinson; Scott; Shields; Skinner; Skinnion;  Smyth; Tobe;  Tute; Vahy;   Walpole;    Wiley;    Williams; Winslow; Wren;   Wright; Roberts.

Drumamery     [Drumamray]    16    95 

Reilly  (4); Brady  (2); Coyle; Dolan; Donoehe;   Duncan;   Hewitt;   Maguire; Patterson; Robinson; Smith;   Weer.

Drumbery      [Drumberry]                     10    59

Johnston  (3); Boyle  (2); Bell; Davis; Gahagan; Humprys;   Wier.

Drurnbess        58    320 

Connolly (3); Smith (3); Armstrong (2); Bennett  (2); Burns   (2);  Hanlon (2); Hart (2);  Magovern   (2);  Martin (2); McCann   (2); McConnell (2);  McInerney  (2); Reilly (2); Baxter; Brady; Brown; Calaher; Camp; Campbell; Clark; Cosgrove; Downer; Dulamere; Duffy; Finnigan;  Fitzpatrick; Fleming; Gallagher;  King; Kinnedy; Leonard; McAloon; McCabe; McGoldrick;  McGuire; McInteger; Monahan; Mullan;  Murdy; Murphy;  Murray; Parker;  Richardson;Roark;  Warrington.

Drumbullion      25    152 

Harkness   (2); Hicks (2); Jackson (2); McCawley   (2); McClain (2); Armstrong; Brady;   Chadwick;    Clark;   Cockins; Connolly; Currin; McCormick; McDonnell; McVittie;  Mulligan;  Noble; Peterson;  Pogue;   Reynolds;   Rudden; Wilson.

Drumcarney       28    179 

Shaw  (5); Drum (3); Lee (3); Brady (2); Martin  (2); McPhilips  (2); Reilly (2); Beattty; Carty; Degnan; Doolady; Doyle; Gallagher; Nickle; Reehill.

Drumcohill Upper  [Drumcoghill Upper]   18     88 

Sloan (5); Foster  (2); Sheridan   (2); Beatty;  Cartwright;  Dignan;   Hughes; Johnston;  Leddy;   McGahran;    Quinn; Ward.

Drumcohill Lower  [Drumcoghill Lower]    14     74 

Cartwright (2); McCann  (2); Reilly (2); Bigger;  Cumeskey;    Henderson;  Hill; Kenny;   Maginnis;  Maguire;    McCabe; Rourke;  Wright.

Drumcon         11     62 

Donocho  (2) [?];  Henderson (2); Hill; Martin;  McKernan;      Rielly;  Scott; Shenon;  Kearnan.

Drumconlester    15     85 

Capady   (2); Smyth   (2); Brady;  Cox; Crossan; Dogherty; Gafney; Gillerlaw[?]; McMahon;   McGoveran;   Peterson;  Rock [Rork?]; Short; Swift.

Drumcrow Nth.   11     72 

McIvoy (4); Argyle;   Baws; Daily; Elliott; Hanson;   McGuire;  Reilly.

Drumcrow Sth.   32    189 

Johnston  (5);   Baker (2);   French (2); Morrow    (2);   Murdy (2);   Reilly (2); Benson[?];  Blair; Blosset; Dunn; Elliott; Fay;    Ganly;   Kerr;    Lahy;    Mahon; McBride;    McDale;     O’Neil;    Scott; Shearin;  Smith;  Stewart.

Drumcullion       15    105 

Finnigan   (5);  Lee  (2);   Wallace (2); Connolly;   Corbett;    Downer;   McCabe; Reilly; Sheridan; Smith.

Drumguird   [Drumgerd]       7     43 

McAvoy    (2);  Hales;   McCue;   Rielly; Smyth;  Terney.

Drumgoa           13     60 

McClean   (2); Bennit;   Conly;   Connor; Gafney; Lanley;  Lilly; Maglew;   McEvoy; McGovern;  McKiernan;    Murphy.

Drumgoon          23    141 

Brady  (5); Leddy    (4);    McManus (4); Donoghoe     (2);   Bennett;    Brouster; CuIlion;  Degnan;    Geary[?];    Malone; Mulligan; Sheridan;  Widows.

Drumhart          26    168 

Looby  (3); Masterson  (3);  Jackson (2); Allen;  Anderson;    Brady;     Campbell; Daly;   Devlin;   Hamletton;     Higgins; Kenny;    Kernan;   Maguire;    McDowell; McGoorty; McIceman; McManus; McSharry;  Muligan;   Todd.

Drumhillagh       13     96 

Timmons     (2);     Brady;     Conaghty; Dinneny;  Keelagher;    Lynch;  McCaffry; McConel;  McCue;    McManus;      Murphy; Quale.

Drumkeeran Beg   7     26 

Armstrong   (4)17; Campbell;  Sloan. 17  One family of Armstrong  is  reported as absent,   and their   house as  un- occupied, but are included  in  family totals for the  townland.

Drumkeeran Black            24    142 

Reilly  (4); Braison   (2);   Camp   (2); Errington  (2);   Johnston (2);   Bradin; Campbell;   Carroll;  Connelly;    Duffy; Leddy;    Martin;     McDonald;   Moon; Phillips; Rudden;  White.

Drumkeeran More            15    79 

Flemings  (5);  Brady   (3); Geoghagan; Grant;   Hatton;    Keogan;   McDonald; Reilly; Sheridan.

Drumkilroosk  [Drumkilroske]      33   174 

Scott  (5);  Doonan   (2);  Frazer (2); Lister  (2);   Ludlow (2);  Reilly (2); Ballam;  Baker; Black;  Braden;   Camp; Carmichael;  Caulfield;  Cooke;  Daily; Elliot;  Farley;     Graham;    Martin; Montgomery;   Scales;   White;  Wilson; Woods;  Young.

Drumlarney  [Drumlarny]   5    27 

Campbell;   Crothers;   Devilen; Irwin; Robinson.

Drummany         6    44 

Berry;  Gohan[?];   Goodfellow;  Green; Malone; Scott;  Shenon.

Drumnawall    [Drumnawal]      21   122 

McKiernan    (2);    Bannon;     Bolan; Causgrove;   Donohoe;   Downes;   Drum; Elliott; Lynch;   Maguin[?]   McCarter; McDonald;    McManus;   Mills;   Moony; Norton; Prior; Scott; Smith; Wright.

Drumrockady      23   146 

Cahill  (3);  Flood  (3); Sheridan (3); Bell  (2); Ward (2); Brady; Cartwright; Dolan;  Elliot; Farley; Keith; Kelliot; Lawsin; Rork;   Sloan

Drumroe          29   162 

White  (4); Clandinen (3);  Murday (2); Stuart (2); Trap (2);   Wag (2); Brady; Burns;    Curry;    Gury;    Hotton[?]; Johnston;      Maguire;      McCormick; McKiem;      Morrow;    Reilly; Scales; Thompson;   Wiliamson.* *  Wiliamson  family recorded as absent.

Drumroosk        14    65 

Reilly [Riley] (4); Kennedy (2); Brady; Darcy;   Devine;    Gormley;    Graham; Kernan; Maxwell; Patterson;  Roarke.

Drumshinny       16   108 

Reilly  (4);  McGuire   (3; Dogan  (2); Brady;  Hetherton;    McGovern; O’Neil; Rehill; Smyth;  Ward. Report sheet for  house no. 2 is missing. Seventeen   families  are   recorded   as total for the townland.

Drumyouth          14     88 

Garvey    (2);  Elliott;  Faris;  Foster; Graham;   Hussey; McCormick;    Monaghan; Murdy;  Reilly;  Sorohan; Sorrell;  Ward.

Dunaweal      [Dunaweel]     22    139 

Dinneny   (2);  Dolan  (2);   Smith  (2); Breen;  Cassidy;  Conlay; Ellis;  Farlay; Glohan;  Godley;  Guinn;  Judge;   McCue; McDale;   McDermott;   McGuire;    Roden; Rork;  Simon.

Farrangarve        38    230 

Brady   (7);  Reilly (4);   Smyth    (4); Hart (3); Harten  (3); Doyle  (2); Ireton (2);  Keirnan (2);  Mulligan  (2);  Culm; Deacon;     Fox;    Greene;    Masterson; McCall; McGuire;   McKeever;    Sheridan; Strong.

Farranseer         32    187 

Reilly (5); Monaughan  (4); Degnan   (3); Fitzpatrick (2);  McDermott   (2); Brown; Faris;  Gahagan;  Jones; Leddy;   McCabe; McDowell;   McKeon;    O’Connor;   Oneil; Saunderson;     Shannachy;      Sheridan; Smith;    Sullivan;    Taylor;    Tilson; Watterson.

Gartinadress       20    127 

Robinson  (4); Ellis (2);   Gaffney  (2); Masterson   (2);  Young     (2);  Donoho; Huges;  Kelaher;   Magovern;     Minnett; Quinn;    Reilly;   Shenan;     Sheridan; White.

Gartylough         14     93 

Elliott (4); Armstrong;   Dugan;    Drum; Hues;  Johnston;  Murphy;  Reilly; Scott; Smyth;  White.

Gorteen      [Gorteenaterriff]   19    139 

Farrelly  (5);  Bell (2); Finnigan   (2); Jackson   (2); Lynch (2); Boylan;   Bredy Hill; Masterson;  Reynolds; Warren.

Keelagh             8     37 

Lynch   (3);  Brady    (2);    Henderson; Southwell;  Webster.

Kilgaruf           10     60 

Donohoe    (3);   Greene    (3);   Brady; Jackson;  McCabe;   Murtagh;  Reilly.

Killytawny  [Killitawney]       16    91  

Fitzpatrick (2); Bartly; Cooney;  Corn; Devlin;   Galliigan; Guinty;    Maghan; MeGaharn;    McGovern;        McKerron; McTague;   Mulvey;    Plunket;  Reilly; Roach.

Kiltrasna        11 .  62  

Quillan (3);   Cullin; Crow;    Degnan; Lovett; Rehill; Reilly; Ward; Weir.

Kinkeel           5    37  

Martin (3); Degnan;   McGovern;  Riley.

Lackan            5    39  

Masterson (3); Crosby; Heart;  Smith.

Lahard           26    155 

Brady  (3); McCormick   (3);  Patterson (3); Rielly (3) [Reilly];   Hales  (2); Campbell;  Crotty;  Flaherty;   Hewitt; Higgans;   Kenedy;    Keman;     Prior; Sheridan;   Smyth;     Ward;     Woods; Young.

Laheen           15    89  

Davis  (2); Liddy  (2); Burns;   Faris; Gilese;   Magee;   McBoy;     McGovern; McKiernan;  McManus;   Pollick;  Rialy; Tiemy.

Lossett          16    103

Scott  (3); Brady  (2);    Geogan  (2); Sheridan  (2); Farley;  Galligan;  Joy; Lawson; McCormick;    McNama;  Smith.

Loughnafin  or Rockfield         24    154 

Rodgers   (4); Ellis  (3);  McCue  (2); Alwill;   Berry;   Boyle;    Clandenon; Devlin;   Gray;    Haughton;     Jones; Knowles;   Lee;    Magee;    McDonnell; McGreen;   Nithercut;  Patison;   Ryan;; Wilson.

Mullaghboy        3    16  

Dodson; Johnston; Weir.

Ned              40    212 

Brady   (4);   Breen  (4);  Reilly (4); Shenon (4); Kiernan   (3); Maguire (3); Cassidy (2); Donan (2); McCormick  (2); Prior  (2); Bannon;   Beime;    Finlay; Fitzpatrick; Gannon;  Higgins;   Lynch; Maginn;   Martin; Masterson;   Maxwell; McCabe; McIntire;  Sheridan; Smith.

Portaliffe or ??   20    94  

Reilly (4) [Riley]; Maguire (2); Bennit;Curry;     Donaghoe;  Farley;    Henry; Keanny;    Kerr;   Kiernan;   McCartin; McConnell;     McDonald;      McGovern; Monypeny;  Mulligan;  Mullin; Sheridan; Stinson.

Town  of Killeshandra   [incl. Main St., Castle St., Church St., Yewer Lane] 197  1087 

Reilly (10) [Rially;  Riley]; Patterson (6); Sheridan (6); Smith (6); Burns (3); Carbin  (3); Costola   (3); Divine (3); Dogherty   (3) [Doherty];   Draper (3); Faris   (3);  Farley  (3); Finlay  (3); Johnston   (3); King  (3);  McCabe (3); McDonald   (3); Reynolds (3); Armstrong (2); Brady (2); Carroll (2); Cassidy (2); Dolen   (2);  Fitzpatrick (2); Fox (2); Hamilton   (2); Kenny (2);  Kernan (2); Maxwell (2);  McFaddin  (2);   McGovern (2);    McKiernan  (2);   Murray   (2); O’Connor   (2); Phair (2); Rodgers (2); Sweeny  (2);  Thompson  (2); Tully (2); Whelan  (2);  Warren  (2); Allen; Akens; Bailey; Bannon; Beatty; Beirne; Bennet; Berry; Black; Brogan;  Brouster; Byrne; Cain;  Chara[?];  Clandinnang;  Clarke; Cleminger;  Clerkin;  Conaty; Connoley; Coulson;   Cowan;     Coyle;  Crawford; Creamer;     Curry;   Darcy;   Darling; Dawsey;    Deacon; Dinneny;   Donoghoe; Dowling;   Drum; Fegan;  Flood; Foster; Gannon; Gibney; Gillis; Gilronan; Ginly; Ginty;   Goodfellow;  Gormly;    Green; Hague; ”   Hall;    Harper;    Hearkin; Hemsworth;    Herburt;  Hogg;   Hunter; Ireton; Jackson; Jebb; Keane; Keelaher; Kennedy;     Little;   Looby;    Lutch; Magaherin; Magauran;  Magennis;  Magin; Maguire;   Malone;  Martin;  Masterson; McAvea;  MeAvinea;   McCann;  McCartin; McClosky;  McCormick; McCue;   McGann; McGauran;     McGaughran;       McGinn; McGoldrick;   McManus;  MeRyan;  Mills; Monaghan;    Moor;  Mortimer;   Murphy; Murtagh;   Newal; Night; Obryan;  Ogle; Pennel;    Plunldt;   Pogue;   Polliek; Prendergast;  Prior;  Rafferty; Rodney; Rudden;  Sexton; Scott; Tallon; Teevan; Veitch[?];    Walsh;   Welch;    White; Whitendale;  Wilson;  Wright.

 Portaliffe Glebe  2    22 

Finlay; (second return sheet missing).

Portlongfield    43   279 

Bleakley   (7);  Boyd  (2); Devlin (2); McDowell   (2); Magourty (2); Mare (2); Timmons    (2);   Armstrong;  Bothwell; Cooke;     Donoghoe;   Ellis;   Finley; Graham;    Higgins;    Hylan;    Logan; Magohan;       McCart;       McDermott; McDiarmid;     Monaghan;    Montgomery; Moore;  Morrow;  Pollock; Quin; Reilly; Rosman;   Smith; Watson.

Portnaquin        5    28 

Magee (3);  Leddy (2).

Pottle            8    62 

Lee  (2);   McKernan    (2);  Battesly; Conaughty;  Dillon;  Drum.

Quivvy      [Quivy]   8    33 

Brady (3); Martin (2);   McCormick (2); McDonald.

Sallaghan        17    95 

Elliott (2); Smyth (2);  Beatty; Cooke; Crague;    Dunkin;  Ellis;   Gallagher; Graham;    Hammon;     Higgins;   Hill; McCaffry;   Morrow;    Noble;  Rodgers; Wallace;  Woods.

Shancor         18    97 

Reilly (3); Armstrong; Barret; Creamer; Crummy;     Coby;    Curren;    Degnan; Galligan;  Irwin;  Keogan;    Magauran; McCann;   McLean; Moore;  Nicells.

Shancroghan       3    22 

Farrelly (2); Hanley.

Ticosker         [Tycusker]                      167 

Anderson   (2); Carroll (2); Johnston (2); Love  (2);  Wilson  (2);  Baker;  Corr; Early; Guynor;  Hall; Harrison; Ireton; Latimore;     McManus;    Montgomery; Scott; Stinson; Taylor;  Thompson.

Tully            27   146 

Brady (2);  Banan  (2);  Hutchison (2); Reynolds   (2);  Anderson;   Armstrong; Conley[?];  Connelly;  Curley;  Donoho; Duggan;    Gurty;  Hourican;  Johnston; Kirnan;    Magee;   Maguire;    Martin; Cahil;  McGee; Prior; Purcan; Reilly.

Woodland         14    70 

Brady   (2);   Hewitt  (2); Reilly (2); Campbell;    Cooke;    Dunn;   Lyndien; Masterson;    McDermott;    Montgomary; Mulligan;  Woods.

Yewer  Glebe      2    13 

Roe;  Vaughan.


A  list of names  of the  more   important  tradesmen, skilled artisans and professional people in Arva [Drumalt and  Drumnawall].

CONSTABLES:     William Nicholson; William Cranston;  Samuel  Keek.

TEACHERS:   Mrs. Lockhart   & Son; Denis McNulty.

DOCTORS:   T. Boyd; J. O’Reilly; Mr. Wiley.

LAND SURVEYORS:  William Malcomson.

POSTMASTER:     W.  Craford.

SPIRIT DEALERS:    James Garvey; Edward   Hare.

SHOP AND INN: R. Walpole.

PUBLICANS:   R.  Lang; J. Pinkman;  Mr. Reilly.

LODGING HOUSES: Margaret Quinn;   Mary Corr.

BAKERS:   E. Boylan; J. Maloy; Mr. Fitzpatrick; J. Ferguson; E. Boyle; Owen   Drum.

BUTCHERS:    E.  Fury; J. Cox.

MERCHANTS:      J. Kinnear; M. Robinson;  Mr. O’Reilly.

OTHER  SHOPS:  J. Graham;   M. McNully; W.  McDonald;  D. Bigger; J. Morton;  W.  Irvine; H.   Brady; E.  Costello; J. Donohoe; C. Moore;  J. McDermott; N.  Cannon.

RAGTRADE:    P.  Goldrick.

CARMAN:    J. Reilly.

TAILORS:   H. Cranston; M. Prior; 0. Degnan & Son; J. Laden.

NAILORS:   John  Davis;  John Latamere; George  Elliott.

SHOEMAKERS:      J. Armstrong;  P. Baxter  & Son;    Thomas  Woods; A. Blosset; J. Arkins; J. Coldwell; Pat Boland and  Son.

BLACKSMITHS:     W.   Hannon; F. Lynch; M.  Smith & Bro.; B. Reilly & Son; C.  McKiernan  & Son.

CARPENTERS:     M. Kerwin; P. Reilly; 0. McDonnell & Son; T. Wright; P. Reilly; B. Sheridan; P. O’Brien; T.  Flanagan;  W.  Downes &  Son.

COOPER:    W. Moore.

THATCHER:    J.  Gormley.

MUSICIAN:   Mr.  Welsh (visitor).

SAWYERS:   P. Keegan  &  Son.

WHITESMITH:     J. Hyland.

SADDLER:   D. Vahy.

PAINTER:   J. Cox.

WHEELWRIGHT:      T.   Cunningham.


A list of  names of the  more  important tradesmen, skilled artisans and professional people in Killeshandra town.

CONSTABLES:    John Dogherty; James  Bailey.

CLERGY:  John Charles Martin; James Rodney; John Foster; William Sweeny.

TEACHERS:  Elizabeth Cassidy; Robert Allen; Laurence  Robinson; Jane and  John O’Connor; James  McCann.

DOCTORS: J.  A. Finlay; Patrick Donoghoe.

SURGEONS:   Randal  Kenny and Philip Fitzsimons (assistant); John Sheridan; Michael  Donoghoe.

NURSE:   Mary Ann Bennit.

LAND SURVEYOR:    Thomas McRyan.

LETTER COURIERS: Elizabeth and James Akens.

BAILIFF: Peter McGoughran.



BUTCHERS:   John Hunter and two  sons; Richard Welch;  James McFaddin; Dan  McFaddin;   Patt  Carroll; Tomas Costola; Stephan Ganon (visitor); Peter  Ganon  (visitor); Patt Reilly (visitor); James Costelo; Edward Costeao.

WATCHMAKER:    Patrick Masterson.

CARMEN:  John  McKiernan; Patrick Thornton  (visitor from Meath).

INNKEEPERS:    James Rodgers; Pat Gibney; James Gillis;  Thomas McGinn; Laurence Kennedy.

PUBLICANS:  James  Dinneny; Patt McCabe; William Phair;  Edward Thompson.

EATING HOUSE: Briget  Deacon.

HOTEL KEEPER: Mary  Ann Finlay.

BAKERS: James Beatty; Bernard Flood and Andrew Leckly (apprentice); Laurence Sheridan; Pat Ganon.

MERCHANT:  Terence Kiernan.

WOOL DRESSERS:    Thomas  Walsh; Hugh  Jebb.

MILLINERS: Fanny  Armstrong; Elizabeth and  Ann Patterson; Jane Patterson; Anne Scott.

SHOEMAKERS:    Phil McHugh; William Crawford; William Patterson; William  Kenny; James Draper; Charles Sheridan; James Fox; John  Carbin (visitor); Arthur Fox; John Heary; James Tully; Edward  Beirne;  John Fitzpatrick; Alex  Patterson  and  2 apprentices; Michael Magin;  James Hamilton;  John  Magin; James  and Thomas Patterson.

SAWYERS:  Denis  Ginty; James Ginty; John Ginty; Michael Burns; James  Burns;  James Brady; Thomas Burns.

COOPERS:   Pat  Moor; James Murtagh; Thomas  Brady; Pat Carbin; James, Patrick and Thomas Brady.

HATTER:   Owen Divine and John Divine.

STONE PLASTERS: Charles Wright and Bernard McKiernan.

CARPENTERS:     Francis  McKiernan,  William   Thompson;   Patt Reynolds; Thomas   McGann; Pat McGoldrick; John  Gormley; Edward Black; James Smith;  John Tallon.

SLATER:   James Reynolds.

STONE  MASONS: Peter  Cassidy; Richard Reilly; William Hogg; Con  Maguire.

TAILORS:   William Goodfellow; Matt Keogh; Michael McAvea; James Dolan; William Elliott; John Murphy (and six  apprentices); Charles Clandinnang (and one apprentice).

TIN  MAN:  Pat McDonald.

PAINTER and GLAZIER: John Reilly; Pat McGann; Charles Doherty.

BLACKSMITHS:    George, William and George (son) Patterson; Pat Devine; Thomas Gilronan; Patt, Thomas and John  Green.



LACE MAKER:   Mrs. Carrol.

CART MAKERS:   Pat Sexton; Thomas Brogan  & Son.

CABINATE  MAKER: Thomas Rodgers.

WHEELWRIGHTS:      Thomas Bannon; Bernard Brady.

NAILORS:  Peter Whelan   and  two sons; James, Mick and   James Wheeler.

HABERDASHER:    William  Coulson.

SADDLERS:  John  Herburt; Arthur White.

WHITESMITH:   Edward  Wilson.

GARDENER:  John Brouster.

HUCKSTERY:    Ellen Prior.

SEXTONESS:   Catherine Maxwell.


Examples  of tables and charts from the Census Return forms.

A Typical Example of Table I of the Census Return Sheet

 (taken from  Townland of Aughnacur)

         NAME                AGE           SEX       Relation    Marriage    C.)    Occupation      Education     Native of   ii

                                           Male        to          Married                       Read and Write   What

  Christian   Surname    Years   Months     or       Head of   Not  Married                        or Read      County

                                        Female     Household or  Widow(er)                       or Cannot Read  or City

William       Ellis        46             Male       Head      Widower       1821  Farmer        Read and Write  Cavan

George        Ellis        19             Male       Son       Not  Married        Farmer        Read and Write     do

William       Ellis        14             Male       Son            do             School        Read and Write     do

Thomas        Ellis        11             Male       Son            do             School            Read           do

Arthur        Ellis         7             Male       Son            do             School            Read           do

Andrew        Pollock       6             Male       Boarder        do                 do          Cannot Read      do

Rovey         Armstrong    60             Female               Widow               House-keeper    Cannot Read      do


                                         HOUSES                FAMILIES        PERSONS

                             Inhabited   Unin-     Buildings

                                       habited                               Male   Female

                                13         1         1             13         46      43

                              A  typical example of  the summary charts for each townland.


List of schoolteachers in Killeshandra Parish and their townlands or residence.

DRUMALT (Arva):  Mrs. Lockhart and her son; Denis McNulty.

CORLISPRATTAN:    Thomas  Cowan;   Anne Rogers.

DRUMCROW  SOUTH:  Patt Kerr;  William Scott  and his daughter Elra.

DRUMCULLION:   Francis McCabe.

DRUMCOHILL  LOWER: Edward  Kenny  and  his wife Sarah.

DRUMCARNEY:     Mr. Reilly.

CORRAN:    James  Hare.

CORRANEARY:     Anne  Manning.

DERRYLANE:     Joseph Forsyth and  wife  Heston

DERRYNACROSS:     Patt  Kiernan.

DRUMGOA:    Peter  Nesdale.

DRUMSHINNY:     John  Rourke.

GORTEEN:   Thomas   Hill and Anne  Johnston.

KILLYTAWNEY:      Myles Bartly.

LOSSET:   James  Smith.

PORTLONGFIELD:      Mr. and Mrs.  John  Watson.

KILLESHANDRA:       Elizabeth  Cassidy;  Robert   Allen;  Laurence Robinson; John and Jane  O’Connor; James McCabe.




Decline, Decay, Consumption.


Quinsey, Squinsey.




Liver Complaint.

Asmy  or Asthma.



Hoopingcough and Chincough.




Water on the Brain.


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